Cáncer de piel

Tomorrow marks the world day of skin cancer, an activity that aims to inform and raise awareness about this disease considered the most common type of cancer worldwide[1]

 

 

According to Globocan data for the year 2,018 in the world a total of 1,042,056 were presented[2] non-melanoma skin cancer cases, 287,723 cutaneous melanoma cases and a total of 60,712[3] deaths occurred from this cause.

 

"Skin cancer is defined as a tumor that begins in the most superficial layer of the skin, called the epidermis; In this layer we find various types of cells from which different cancerous skin tumors, basal cell, squamous cell carcinomas and melanomas develop.”, Explains Doctor Leonardo Pulido Prieto, medical oncologist dermatologist of the Colombian Association of Dermatology.

 

La manera en que el cáncer de piel de piel se manifiesta es muy variada, puede ser en forma de pepitas pequeñas con o sin pigmento, protuberancias que semejan moles, cambios en la textura o color de la piel, cicatrices de aparición espontánea – es decir sin antecedentes de trauma o inflamación-  ulceraciones que no cicatricen, manchas rojizas o de color café en varios tonos, placas rojas y descamativas. En la mayoría de los casos aparecen en sitios de la piel expuestos crónicamente al sol, como rostro y extremidades pero también pueden presentarse en áreas cubiertas, como manos, pies, uñas, incluso en la mucosa de la boca o en genitales.

 

"Exposure to sunlight in a chronic way for work reasons or in an acute way for recreational reasons or carelessness, are the main risk factor for developing skin cancer, but also the type of skin of people should be taken into account since those white skin, eyes and light hair have an additional risk factor”Doctor Pulido points out.

 

Here we share 5 key aspects for your prevention

  1. Physical protection: Make use of hopefully wide-brimmed hats, parasol, use of UV-protected glasses, shirt and pants with sleeves and long boots.
  2. Exhibition hours: where possible avoid exposure between 10 am and 3 pm. It is at this time when there are higher rates of radiation in the environment.
  3. Sunscreens: the use of sunscreen is important but it should be used in the proper amount and frequency. It is recommended to use protection factors of 30 or more and to renew its use every 4 hours.
  4. Self-examination: recognize all the moon spots and scars we have and be aware of changes such as color, size, shape; as well as symptoms such as pain, itching or bleeding and consult your dermatologist in a timely manner.
  5. Tanning chambers: It is very important to avoid tanning chambers especially in young people because they can accumulate much more damage during the course of their life.

Also read Tips to identify if your moles, freckles or spots are malignant

Within the framework of this date and in order to contribute to this purpose, the Bristol Myers Squibb laboratory continues to strengthen the implementation of the non-promotional education program Busca El Punto, which aims to contribute to the early diagnosis of complex oncological pathologies through the recognition of warning signs on the skin

Busca el punto is a program that, in addition to strengthening the knowledge of human talent in health, provides specialized IPSs with strategic growth in the offer of services in their area of influence, through the construction of networks for the early diagnosis of skin cancer and melanoma in four regions of the country.

[1]  https://www.diainternacionalde.com/ficha/dia-europeo-prevencion-cancer

[2] Non-melanoma skin cancer - Globocan 2018 https://gco.iarc.fr/today/data/factsheets/cancers/17-Non-melanoma-skin-cancer-fact-sheet.pdf

[3] Melanoma of skin - Globocan 2018 https://gco.iarc.fr/today/data/factsheets/cancers/16-Melanoma-of-skin-fact-sheet.pdf

About Fernando Garzón

Colombian journalist, passionate about technology and entrepreneurship, father of a family and an amateur soccer player.

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